Monday, 31 December 2007

Final Post for 2007


Last Collage 2007
A collage of some of the final 60 or so photos this year!
This site will change over the next few days
but still continue with the 'a photo a day' theme!

Happy New Year Everybody

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Sunday, 30 December 2007

A Photo A Day - No. 362


Lemon Cucumber
Despite the heat this week
this little Lemon Cucumber is growing strongly!

Hot, Hot, Hot

It started on Friday with 36C yesterday was 38C, New Years Eve and Day are set to hit 40C followed by some relief down to 37/8C but back to 40C by next weekend. eek
Early morning starts are called for in the garden and with light at 6am and 21C that's the time to be out there. By 9am it's getting hot and 10am it's way too hot at 36C to be outside.



This morning I emptied the chook pergola of another load of chook mulch and spread that around the garden to help the plants survive another sweltering day.



This meant refilling the pergola area with a bag of shredded paper and a bale of straw, the chooks happily scratch their way through this to get to the damp earth below where all the bugs and worms live.



I needed to top up the fish pond, again, with tank water and have put up shadecloth on the western side to cut down the sun's evaporative force. At least the fish are happy! lol



The newly planted carrots have been covered with an old curtain and it's helping to keep the soil moist while they germinate. I found another piece of curtain to cover the lemon tree that is coping well in the heat but I don't want it to stress too much.



The Silverbeet and Cucumbers love their 70% shadecloth cover on Bed 3 and are thriving on only two waterings per week...although they might need more with the heat this week! eek
I've added yet more shadecloth to bed10 where newly planted Beetroot seedlings needed extra shade.



It's weeks like these, although early this year, that are a trend of our summers after the solstice. This is why we have so many shadecloth structures. From the first over the Tank Beds in the Dog Pen area to the new gourd wicking-worm bed this year!



Despite this additional pieces of shade cloth still get put up on these hot days. In the Dog Pen Garden beds where the Sweetcorn was battling the western afternoon heat and as an emergency cover for a tray or two of cuttings.

Garden Log: 30 Dec 07

Last garden log update for 2007!!
As we head into another heatwave this week we've had no rain. Christmas weather was pleasant and it has gradually warmed up during the week.

Main planting this week was on Bed 4 Tip Top Carrots. This is a late planting this year and probably ill timed with this heatwave coming but they are in non the less. They have been covered with an old curtain to keep the sun off.
In the half of Bed 10, where the tomatoes were removed, I've planted some purchased Beetroot Globe seedlings and some 5 Coloured Silverbeet seedlings I had growing in the shade house.

I potted up some Thyme and Greek Basil seedlings I purchased and some Greek Oregano pieces I dug up while I tidied the side of the pergola garden bed.

On Wednesday I made up a mixture of compost, coir-peat and loam to top up the wicking-worm beds...they seem to need more depth of soil as the temperatures increase but are still producing well.

I also re-built the worm farm removing all the bedding, castings and some worms and added these to the wicking bed top-up too. The worm farm has been re-made with fresh bedding (coir-peat), molasses soaked shredded paper and saved worms.

So far I haven't need to spray the tomatoes with anything stronger than water-seaweed solution in a hand mister concentrating mainly on the backs of the leaves. The new growth so far looks OK.



On Friday I made up a batch of plum sauce from a bucketful of Santa Rosa plums. Go Here for the recipe. The wattlebirds have discovered these plums and although not quite ripe they are eating them!! They must be hungry this year!
Since Wednesday I've mainly spent my time hand watering and topping up ponds in anticipation of the coming heat.

Saturday, 29 December 2007

A Photo A Day - No. 361


Blue-Banded Bee
Amegilla cingulata
An Australian Native Bee
often used to 'buzz' pollinate plants in green houses.
Although they do sting they are not aggressive
so will only sting if provoked.
Seen here on a lavender bush in the garden,
blue flowers being their favourites!
Fact sheet here

A Photo A Day - No. 360


Tillandsia usneonides
From the Bromeliaceae Family
AKA Old Man's Beard, Spanish Moss, Grey Beard or Tree Beard
Known as an air plant as they don't require soil to grow,
getting their water from the air.
Here I mist them during our hot, dry summers
and they are safe in the shade house from our winter frosts.

This is the first time I've noticed the very tiny flowers
that are described as insignificant.

Thursday, 27 December 2007

Garden Log: 23 Dec 07

On Friday the lightning started at 3am...by sunrise it was raining...not as heavy as some other areas in the state but a very welcome 14mm.
Friday night a cool change came in and it continued to be drizzly and windy on Saturday, almost wintry.
On Saturday (22 Dec 07) our Summer Solstice occurred so we have passed our longest day and the daylight hours will now become shorter. The next couple of months are our hottest.

Planting:
Monday was green leafy crop planting so the following from Phoenix seeds were planted:
Brussels Sprouts - Seven Hills
Kale - Morton's Mix
Senposai - a Japanese hybrid of cabbage and mustard spinach
Cabbage - January King
Cabbage - Red Drumhead
Corn Salad - Valerianella locusta
Shiso - Perilla frutescens - Red and Green the seeds of which were put into the fridge for a few days before planting.


On the fruit planting days I planted these seeds for trees to add to the chicken forage areas.
American Elderberry - Sambucus canadenis
Siberian Pea Tree - Caragana arborescens
The seeds of both these plants needed to be pre-soaked overnight in lukewarm water to break their dormant tendencies.


Also planted, from Diggers, some:
Mexican Sour Gherkin Cucumbers
Yellow Tommy Toe Tomatoes

I've also sown some Alyssum seeds:
White annual - Carpet of Snow
Yellow perennial - Evergolden
These went into cell trays as I need to plant more flowers to encourage insects as they seem reluctant to fly into the 'darkness' under the shade structures.

I've found a supplier of white 50% shade cloth and this will very soon be sewn up to replace the 70% cloth on most of the beds. The 70% cloth will be re-used in the new Shade House we are building these holidays.

On Friday I removed half the tomato plants in Bed 10 as they had Tomato Russet Mite.

Sticky Yellow Traps


Yellow Sticky Traps
Used to attract and capture pests including white fly and mites are available commercially but you can make them at home.
Using a yellow plastic ice cream container lids:
  • Cut lengths roughly 20 x 10 cms or left complete
  • Punch a hole in one end for attaching wire or string to.
  • Smear a fairly thick layer of petroleum jelly mixed in equal quantities with household detergent or horticultural soap.
  • Tie near affected plants, with the sticky side facing away from the sun.

These won't last as long as the commercial ones but are easily washed and the petroleum jelly layer re-applied.
They can also be made out of ply-wood or even glass and painted bright yellow.

We Have A Problem!

Tomato Russet Mite
I have discovered a major problem with my Tomatoes this year. I now realise that this is also the reason for the main crop failure last year. Although I did notice this problem earlier I didn't realise what it was and how bad it had affected the plants until this week.

Know Your Enemy: Tomato Russet Mite:
  • they are sap suckers
  • they live on the underside of the leaves
  • they are microscopic, so you can't see them
  • they thrive in dry conditions
  • lower leaves brown off first and die
  • fruit will be effected if not treated
  • plants will die

Things To Try - Early
  • keep plants actively/healthily growing
  • apply seaweed extracts for plant health
  • remove affected leaves early
  • remove badly affected plants and destroy them
  • mist plants during dry weather
  • companion planting with garlic/onion tribe
  • encourage predator insects - ladybugs, lacewings
  • use yellow sticky traps to catch the mites

If This Doesn't Help
  • If you wish consider sprays - soft options first by the time this pest is evident the plants will be fruiting and any pesticides will have withholding periods that will inhibit using the fruit. Carefully read the labels on commercial products and use according to the instructions.
  • Keep in mind that any sprays including misted water and seaweed extracts must cover the backs of the leaves where these creatures live.
  • milk spray equal milk and water
  • garlic spray
  • soap or oil sprays in cool weather only

If This Still Doesn't Help...
Consider Pyrethrum but remember to use this very carefully as it will harm the beneficial insects, earthworms and soil microbes that you try so hard to encourage into your garden.

What I'm Doing
I have already made a second planting in a different area of the garden.
I'm doing the 'early things to try' including:
  • Misting with a hand pump-spray (as we can't use a hose anyway) with a very dilute seaweed extract daily unless it's raining.
  • I've planted a clump of Society Garlic near each plant - garlic doesn't grow in summer here, the onions have finished and I had 2 big pots full of society garlic that had been rescued from another bed earlier.
  • Keeping a careful watch on the new plants.
  • I have removed the worst affected plants from bed 10 (all the Pacesetters and some Black Russians) the remaining ones I have trimmed all affected leaves from and am starting these early intervention ideas. The Society Garlic is in pots here.
  • I have some Pyrethrum and 'Beat-a-Bug' (a commercial pre-mix of pyrethrum, garlic and chilli) on hand to try if needed.

Sources
The Australian Organic Gardener's Handbook by Keith Smith
The Organic Garden Problem Solver by Jackie French
Carrots Love Tomatoes

A Photo A Day - No. 359


Bed 4 Carrots
Planted yesterday.
Already covered to keep Mrs Houdini off!
Will be covered with shadecloth...
as a heat wave approaches!

A Photo A Day - No. 358



New Wind Farm
On a ridge off to the side of the road...



...we have watched this wind farm being built.



Now the blades are in place and it's ready to go.

A Photo A Day - No. 357




Ducks in the Creek
This was a very restful spot
to take a revive break
on our trip back from Adelaide.

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